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Weather in Pakistan

Islamabad Weather

Average Monthly Temperature in Islamabad

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Record high °C (°F)

26.1
(79)

30.0
(86)

34.0
(93.2)

40.6
(105.1)

45.6
(114.1)

46.0
(114.8)

44.4
(111.9)

42.0
(107.6)

38.1
(100.6)

36.7
(98.1)

32.2
(90)

27.2
(81)

46
(114.8)

Average high °C (°F)

17.1
(62.8)

19.1
(66.4)

23.9
(75)

30.1
(86.2)

35.3
(95.5)

38.7
(101.7)

35.0
(95)

33.4
(92.1)

33.5
(92.3)

30.9
(87.6)

25.4
(77.7)

19.7
(67.5)

28.5
(83.3)

Daily mean °C (°F)

10.1
(50.2)

12.1
(53.8)

16.9
(62.4)

22.6
(72.7)

27.5
(81.5)

31.2
(88.2)

29.7
(85.5)

28.5
(83.3)

27.0
(80.6)

22.4
(72.3)

16.5
(61.7)

11.6
(52.9)

21.34
(70.43)

Average low °C (°F)

2.6
(36.7)

5.1
(41.2)

9.9
(49.8)

15.0
(59)

19.7
(67.5)

23.7
(74.7)

24.3
(75.7)

23.5
(74.3)

20.6
(69.1)

13.9
(57)

7.5
(45.5)

3.4
(38.1)

14.1
(57.4)

Record low °C (°F)

−3.9
(25)

−2.0
(28.4)

−0.3
(31.5)

6.1
(43)

11.0
(51.8)

15.0
(59)

17.8
(64)

17.0
(62.6)

13.3
(55.9)

5.7
(42.3)

−0.6
(30.9)

−2.8
(27)

−3.9
(25)

Precipitation mm (inches)

56.1
(2.209)

73.5
(2.894)

89.8
(3.535)

61.8
(2.433)

39.2
(1.543)

62.2
(2.449)

267.0
(10.512)

309.9
(12.201)

98.2
(3.866)

29.3
(1.154)

17.8
(0.701)

37.3
(1.469)

1,142.1
(44.966)

Mean monthly sunshine hours

195.3

189.3

201.5

252.0

313.1

300.0

263.5

251.1

261.0

275.9

249.0

195.3

2,947

Weather Forecast for Cities in Pakistan

    Lahore          Karachi        Quetta    Peshawar          Multan

Gilgit            Skardu         Hunza          Chitral          Bahawalpur 

PAKISTAN WEATHER

Pakistan is located on a great landmass north of the tropic of cancer (between latitudes 25° and 35° N), it has a continental type of climate characterized by extreme variations of temperature, both seasonally and daily. Very high altitudes modify the climate in the cold, snow-covered northern mountains; temperatures on the Balochistan Plateau are somewhat higher. Along the coastal strip, the climate is modified by sea breezes. In the rest of the country, temperatures reach great heights in the summer; the mean temperature during June is 38 °C (100 °F) in the plains, the highest temperatures can exceed 47 °C (117 °F). In the summer, hot winds called Loo (wind) blow across the plains during the day. Trees shed their leaves to avoid loss of moisture. The dry, hot weather is broken occasionally by dust storms and thunderstorms that temporarily lower the temperature. Evenings are cool; the diurnal variation in temperature may be as much as 11 °C (52 °F) to 17 °C (63 °F). Winters are cold, with minimum mean temperatures in Punjab of about 4 °C (39 °F) in January, and sub-zero temperatures in the far north and Balochistan.

The monsoon and the Western Disturbance are the two main factors which alter the weather over Pakistan; otherwise, Continental air prevails for rest of the year. Following are the main factors that influence the weather over Pakistan.

  • Western Disturbances mostly occur during the winter months and cause light to moderate showers in southern parts of the country while moderate to heavy showers with heavy snowfall in the northern parts of the country. These westerly waves are robbed of most of the moisture by the time they reach Pakistan.
  • Fog occurs during the winter season and remains for weeks in upper Sindh, central Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab.
  • Southwest Monsoon occurs in summer from the month of June till September in almost whole Pakistan excluding western Balochistan, FATA, Chitral and Gilgit–Baltistan. Monsoon rains bring much awaited relief from the scorching summer heat. These monsoon rains are quite heavy by nature and can cause significant flooding, even severe flooding if they interact with westerly waves in the upper parts of the country.
  • Tropical Storms usually form during the summer months from late April till June and then from late September till November. They affect the coastal localities of the country.
  • Dust storms occur during summer months with peak in May and June, They are locally known as Andhi. These dust storms are quite violent. Dust storms during the early summer indicates the arrival of the monsoons while dust storms in the autumn indicate the arrival of winter.
  • Heat waves occur during May and June, especially in southern Punjab, central Balochistan and interior Sindh.
  • Thunderstorms most commonly occur in northern Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Azad Kashmir.
  • Continental air prevails during the period when there is no precipitation in the country.

Pakistan has four seasons: a cool, dry winter from December through February; a hot, dry spring from March through May; the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon period, from June through September; and the retreating monsoon period of October and November. The onset and duration of these seasons vary somewhat according to location.

The climate in the capital city of Islamabad varies from an average daily low of 2°C in January to an average daily high of 38°C in June. Half of the annual rainfall occurs in July and August, averaging about 255 millimeters in each of those two months. The remainder of the year has significantly less rain, amounting to about fifty millimeters per month. Hailstorms are common in the spring.

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